CBD and THC are the two major cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant, the latter is infamous for the psychotropic effect of marijuana products. Cannabidiol (CBD) is the major cannabinoid of the hemp plant that has less than 0.3% of THC. There are other cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids, that work in synergy to produce the entourage effect of hemp derived products. It is also known that CBD can counteract or inhibit the psychotropic effect of THC, and the purpose of this primer is to better understand about this aspect of the two cannabinoids.
How THC And CBD Work?
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) found naturally in cannabis plants have similar chemical formulas, but different molecular structure. This is the reason for the difference in their biological effect i.e. the former is psychotropic while the latter is not. THC is known for its enjoyable, relaxing and euphoric effects, but it also produces undesirable effects like paranoia and panic in first time users.
THC works by binding to the CB1 receptors of the endocannabinoid system (ECS), these receptors are found in both the central and peripheral nervous system. Because of this, it produces the psychotropic effect or altered state of consciousness. CBD works by influencing the CB2 receptors of the ECS, and these receptors are associated with the immune system. It also increases the levels of neurotransmitters anandamide and serotonin that are important in regulating mood.
Combining THC And CBD
It has been found from studies that combining THC and CBD is good as they work better in synergy. As stated before, CBD counteracts the negative effects of THC; by consuming them together you can experience the enjoyment, euphoria and relaxation without the adverse effect of paranoia or panic. This is especially suitable for those who are extra sensitive to THC and make sure to choose a strain that has higher CBD content relative to the THC.
Benefits Of Using THC And CBD Together
It has been found that using them together is very effective in managing chronic pain, as well as improves sleeping. Besides, the most effective THC CBD ratio is 1:1 and is suitable for treating various conditions. Shared below are the different CBD to THC ratios and their effects.
1:1 – This is the perfect balance between the two cannabinoids where users experience the psychotropic effect of THC without any adverse effects like paranoia.
2:1 –Users will experience a slight psychotropic effect but don’t feel overwhelmed or intoxicated as CBD inhibits most of the adverse effects of THC.
8:1 – The effect of THC will be in the form of elation, but the higher amount of CBD helps with productivity and functionality, and this is suitable for daytime use.
So, it is obvious from aforementioned details that CBD counteracts the psychotropic effects of THC and this is actually useful for first time cannabis users.